Meassures in meters
|Main Body Chapels
It occupies an area of about: 6.600 m2
The cover: 4,250 m2
Total length: 109,40 m
Total width: 39,45 m
Height of the central body: 43,95m
Height of the side bodies: 29,49 m
Height of the columns: 21,47 m
Thickness of the columns: 1,49 -1,67 m
VENERATED MAJORCAN PEOPLE
Blessed Ramon Llull (+1316), in the main façade, and the chapels of Saint Sebastian and our Lady
Saint Catherine Thomas (+1574) in the main façade, in the chapel of Saint Sebastian and the stain glass of Regina Virginum from Gaudí in the Royal Chapel
Saint Alonso Rodríguez (+1617) in the chapel of Saint Sebastian
Saint Junípero Serra (+1784) in the chapel of Saint Sebastian and the stain glass of Regina sanctorum omnium in the Royal Chapel
THE LAST BURIED DIOCESAN BISHOPS
Pere-Joan Campins Barceló, in the Royal Chapel
Gabriel Llompart Jaume, in the central nave
Josep Miralles Sbert, in the Chapel of the Holy Sacrament
Jesús Enciso Viana, in the Chapel of the Holy Sacrament
Teodor Úbeda Gramage, in the Chapel of the Holy Sacrament
Jaume II, king of Mallorca
Jaume III,king of Mallorca
Pere I of Urgell, prince, better known as Pedro de Portugal
Pagà of Mallorca, prince, brother of the bastard of Jaume III
Esclarmunda of Mallorca, daughter of the prince Sancho of Mallorca
Antoni of Galiana, first Majorcan superior who occupied the Cathedral
Berenguer Batle, bishop
Guillem of Vilanova, bishop
Ramon of Torrella, first bishop of the diocese
Gil Sánchez-Muñoz, bishop
Arnau of Marí olim of Santacília, bishop
Reinaldo Mir, canon
Ponç de Vilardida, beneficiary
Joan Font, alias Roig, domer
Arnau Sa Torre, provost
Arnau Desmur, jurist
Beatriu of Pinós, widow of the chambellan (title of a person from the royal house of Aragon) of Pedro V of Aragon
Pere-Joan Llobet, Llullist
LA SEU DE MALLORCA
Alta, gran, ardida, heroica, canta l'himne triomfal,
adreçant a Déu cent braços d'ossatura colossal
sobre el mar que humil li besa l'escambell del setial.
És la Seu de les primícies d'aquell Rei Conqueridor
que devia alçar mil temples, oh gran Verge!, en vostre honor
mes aquest vos oferia de sa vida al punt millor.
D'aquell hèroe, d'aquell segle aquí es mostra l'ideal:
per això un Te-Deum de pedra és aquesta catedral,
per això és figura símbol de l'Església maternal.
A les naus, l'Església-poble, que és ramat del Bon Pastor;
més amunt, l'Església-mestra, tribu ungida del Senyor,
i allà al fons, l'Església-glòria, entrevista en l'esplendor...
Sots la rosa més enorme que ha florit l'art ogival
temple a part hi forma l'absis per al chor sacerdotal,
dominant-hi tots els ordres la cadira episcopal.
Entre apòstols i grans àngels pel gran absis esculpits,
qui del culte i la pregària duen signes exquisits,
finestrals altíssims clamen pels vitratges colorits.
Allà al fons, damunt el trono de mitrada autoritat,
guaita excels, inabordable, un terç temple més sagrat,
santuari del misteri de l'augusta Trinitat.
Tot obert son finestratge deu teixir-li vels de llum
on l'encens, flotant, iritza les boirelles del seu fum;
on set llànties representen la pregària qui es consum.
Els set àngels qui assisteixen a davant l'Omnipotent
aqueix temple t'explicaren, oh Gaudí, son alt sirvent:
tu, sentint-ho, en penetrares el simbòlic pensament,
tu, vident, l'has revelada, nostra augusta catedral,
renovant per dellà els segles son concepte original,
restablint-hi clar el símbol de l'Església maternal.
Canti, doncs, per les centúries Seu tan plena de sentit:
de Déu canti les lloances, de la Pàtria, l'Esperit,
i no manqui tal prodigi fins que el món serà finit.
Miquel Costa i Llobera
THE CATHEDRAL IS A BASILICA
The title was requested by Bishop Campins, and it was conceded by the Pope Pius X.
The two basilical badges designed by Gaudi:
The conopeo: with the shape of a cone similar to an umbrella, striped in red and gold
The tintináculo: bell that announces the arrival of the precession with the clergy of the basilica..
Names of the bells, from the biggest to the smallest:
Sa Nova (the new one)
N’Eloi wheights 45 "quintars", around 4.500 kilo.
DID YOU KNOW...?
A popular legend connects the building with a strong storm that lashed against the Catalan ship that was coming to conquer Majorca. This happened because King James I promised the Mother of God a temple if he was free from them.
The mosque that the conquerors found was adapted to new Christian worship. When the construction of the new temple was as high as the side door, the mosque was demolished (1386).
In 1601, the building was finished and consecrated by bishop Vic i Manrique.
James I,in a will from the year 1306, ordered the construction of a chapel where he was to be buried (the Royal Chapel).
It seems that during the middle of the 14th century it was decided to change the plan of the construction, this is the reason why we cannot find the union between the head and the nave of the temple.
An earthquake in 1851 damaged the main façade. Joan Bautista Peyronnet rebuilt it with a new gothic style. Both of the rose windows on each side were walled up.
The building was declared National Historical Monument in 1931.
The work started in the Trinity Chapel
The fifth section - where you can find two side doors - is wider than the rest
The Royal Chapel in the present time is used as presbytery
The Trinity Chapel, which is situated at about 7 meters, as a royal mausoleum
The longest façade is the one of the side called the “Mirador”, south side
The bell tower is situated in a divergent axis in relation to the nave
There are two chapter halls: the oldest is probably by Guillem Sagrera, with a gothic style and a trapezoid shape; it was finished in 1433; the baroque one, probably by Francisco Herrera, as an elliptical shape and it was finished in 1701.
There are 7 rose windows and 83 windows. The ribs of the major rose window form the figure of David’s star
The Museum was inaugurated in 1932
A painting from the Museum reminds us of the first sermon of Saint Vicente Ferrer at the Cathedral.
The Cathedral was built with soft brick from Lluchmajor (Galdent i Puigderrós), Felanitx, Portals Vells, Campos (Font Santa), Palma (Coll d’en Rabassa), Sa Teulera, Bellver and Son Puigdorfila of Palma and especially from Santanyi.
After the renovation of Gaudi, The old major baroque altarpiece was moved to the Parish of the Immaculate Conception (Saint Magi) of Palma. Part of the old major gothic altarpiece can be actually found on top of the entrance of “Mirador”.
The monumental silver candelabra, which at the present time are in the Museum, were made by the silversmith Joan Matons between 1704 and 1718 using casting, etching and embossing.
During the expulsion of Jews from Sicily in 1493 some Majorcan merchants bought the famous Rimmonin and gave them to the Cathedral. At the present time we can find them in the Museum. They were originally objects to protect the parchment of the Law.
The organ has four manual keyboards with 56 notes, and pedals with 30 notes
The cloister was built during the year 1707. It has four angles and corridors and was built on the old kitchen garden of the Chapter.
Twice a year at about 9 o’clock in the morning the light through the major rose window illuminates the top of the rose window in the main façade: this occurs on the 11th of November, feast day of Saint Martin, and on the 2nd of February, feast day of Candlemas.